Ursus spelaeus, Cave Bear

 

Ursus spelaeus, Cave Bear

Ursus spelaeus Cave Bear scale

Locality: Ural Mountains of Siberia, Russia
Formation: Kedrovka
Length: 48cm (19 inches)
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Ursus spelaeus Cave Bear Skull

Cave bears are a European variety of Ice Age bear that seem to have inhabited caves year-round, rather than just hibernating in them. Ursus spelaeus was a relatively short-lived species, having arisen with the last glacial expansion and gone extinct as the last glacial recession began around 27,000 years ago. Despite its ferocious appearance, the cave bear appears to have primarily been herbivorous with its teeth being adapted to chewing course vegetation and dental wear corroborating such usage.

Ursus spelaeus Cave Bear Skull